In about 1874 Mr. Kareemuddin of village planted 4 grafted plants of Bombay variety in Rataul which he collected from him ‘DAULA’Village in Bagpat Distt. Where they were brought by an Engineer of Eastern Yamuna canal project, Mr. Braden from Maharastra.
In about 1880 Mr. Abdul Razzaq son of Sheikh Inayat ali established a 1.5 Hectare in Rataul.
Mr. Hakimuddin and his brother Mr. Aftabuddin established big orchard in Rataul Mr. Hakimuddin, a government official collected various varieties of mangoes .Thus village Rataul becomes famous for its Mangoes.
Sheikh Mohammed Afaq Faridi was so passionate with his mangoes that he had already tasted all the varieties of mangoes and he was able to tell the variety just by chewing the leaves of mango tree, tested it or even by smell it. Sheikh Mohammad Afaq Faridi was a government servant but resigned from his job in 1914 and he devotes his life for the development of mangoes. He established a nursery SHOHRA-E-AFAQ NURSURY in 1928 and got it registered in 1935 in which he had 461 varieties of mangoes and grow many orchards of different varieties this was his first attempt towards having all kinds of varieties of mangoes. Sheikh Afaq Faridi and grow many orchards of different varieties this was his first attempt towards having all kinds of verities of mangoes. Shiekh Mohd. Afaq Faridi had discovered a variety of mango which he named Rataul after his village and he known as mango king. Due to efforts of Sheikh Mohd. Faridi and his services to develop 461 varieties and specially “Rataul” the village Rataul is well known on the map of India and the World.In 1992 Mr. Junaid Faridi the Grand son of Sheikh M. Afaq Faridi and Dr. Mairajuddin Ahmad the Grand son of Mr. Anwar ul Haq concluded an international mangoes festival in Rataul-Bagpat and this festival was an appropriate tribute to” mango king Sheikh Mohammed Afaq Faridi”.
1917-Mr.Shiekh Mohammed Afaq Faridi discover Rataul variety of mango named after his village Rataul.
1928-Mr.Shiekh Mohammed Afaq Faridi established nursery and he got it registered in 1935.
1935-Mr Faridi colleted 461 verities his Nursery Named SHOHRA-E-AFAQ NURSERY.
In 1935 he was known as the “Mango King”
The name was given to him by Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru who later becomes the first prime minister of India.
In 1935 he also sent varieties of mangoes to an exhibition in London where it was represented by Mr.Ahmed Saeed Khan, The Nawab of Chhatari (Aligarh U P,India),he second time in London and it won the first prize and was declared the best mango of the world.
In 1955 Mr. Hasan Faridi ,again sent the mangoes in the exhibition in London represented by the government garden by the government garden auithority, Saharanpur U P. which was a Governor of U P and there the Rataul mango, Anfas,Wazeer pasand bagged prizes.
1940-He won first prize for Rataul mango show at Lucknow UP.
In 1945 the mangoes were sent by Mr. Hasan Faridi, for the he had represented in the second exhibition. ”Rataul” go to the consolation prize in the third exhibition and the prize was bagged by”Naazboo”. In 1959 Mr. Hasan Faridi won the first prize in Second all India mango show at New Delhi.
Mr.Raza ul Haq and his son Tariq bin Raza also promoted mangoes and establish a Raza Nursery from 1970-1985
Mr. Javed Faridi won many prizes in Mango festivals in India which are follows:
In 1992, 1st prize in International mango festive at Rataul.
In 1992 & 1993 & 1995.1st prize in Interstate mango festival at Pinjore Garden, Haryana.
In 1992 1st Prize in 5th International Mango Festival at Taal Katora Stadium New Delhi.
In 1993 1st Prize in 6th International Mango Festival at Taal Katora Stadium New Delhi.
In 1994 1st Prize in 7th International Mango Festival at Taal Katora Stadium New Delhi.
In 1995 Two 1st Prize (One for collection verities) in 8th International mango festival at Taal Katora stadium stadium New Delhi.
Mr. Nizamuddin established a nursery and working on it for last 10 year.
MANGO FESTIVAL 10-11, JULY, 2004
ESTABLISHMENT OF RATAUL NURSERY AND RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF SHOHRA-E-AFAQ NURSERY.
Recently Mr. Javed Faridi along with NHB, UP Horticulture Department Mr. Dharmendra Pandey organized a successful mango
festival at Rataul during 10-11 July 2004.
VARIOUS VARIETIES OF MANGO (COMMERCIAL & FAMOUS)
MANGO KING SHIEKH MOHAMMAD AFAQ FARIDI & DISCOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT OF RATAUL MANGO
Mango has many varieties most of them are grown in India.
Many of us take mangoes for granted because it is one of the most familiar and common slight on our landscape. Its pan-Indian spread ensures that every body, from richest to poorest, from the sophisticated to the simplest, gets to enjoy it during the season.
One of the famous varieties “RATAUL”was first developed in village by Sheikh Mohd. Afaq Faridi.
He was born in the small village of RATAUL WHICH IS 30 KM, FROM New Delhi at the house of land lord Sheikh Ghulam Razzaq
Faridi on Sept.10, 1884.
As a child he grew up in an atmosphere where much importance was given to farming and growing orchards.
Sheikh Mohd. Afaq Faridi was so passionate with his mangoes that he had already tasted all the varieties of mangoes and he was able to tell the variety just by chewing the leaves of mango trees, testing it or even by smelling it. Sheikh Mohd. Afaq Faridi was a government servant but resigned from his job in 1914 and he devoted his life for the development of mangoes. He got married to Safdari Begum.After marriage he established a mango nursery SHOHRA-E-AFAQ in 1928 and got it registered in 1935 in which he had 461 varieties of mangoes and also grew an orchard, this was his first attempt towards having all kinds of varieties of mangoes.“RATAUL”MANGO DISCOVERY has an interesting incident behind it.In1917 he was passing by a farm and saw a three old mango plant and as his habit was, he crushed the leaves, tasted and smells it and found that it had a smell and slight taste of carrot flower.
When he asked the concerned Gardner that what he was growing in his field and he was told that carrots were grown and this may be a reason for smell and slight taste of carrots in mangoes.
Sheikh Mohd. Afaq Faridi told his Gardner to graft the plant and by 1920 he was successful in growing 4 trees of this mango which he named as “RATAUL”mango is also called as “Anwar Rataul”and also the mother plant is from Mr.Anwar ul Haq’s field because it was the name of faridi’s wife i.e Anwar Khatoon. First it exhibited by the name of “Anwar rataul”but later it came to be known as RATAUL mango and in Pakistan known as Anwar Rataul.
Shohra-e-Afaq nursery provides complimentary gift of 2-10 small plants of Rataul mango to buyers, it helped them to propagate their creation of Rataul mango.
In 1935 he was known as the “Mango King”Mr.Faridi had six sons and three daughters youngest son Akram died in the childhood three sons Sibte Faridi, Renowned generataul alist, Ibne Faridi Aslam Faridi Renowned Botanist migrated to Pakistan in 1947 now there children are settled in various parts of the
world His two son Hasan Faridi and Javed Faridi carried his work and now his grand son Junaid Faridi son of Hasan Faridi is actively involved progress of his work. One daughter Nahid was married to Abdul Malik of rataul and other daughter Khlida was married to Qamar Pasha of Rataul who belongs to the family of Nasiruddin who finally resettled the Rataul village (rataul village ws re-settled many times in his history).