RATAUL India –Sayed Abdul malik caressed the gnarled tree trunk eventually “Antiquity says that this tree came from heaven ,”he said,” This is the oldest mango tree in the village, that tree and its successors have bestowed fame moderate affluence and more recover historical on the people of Rataul village, arguably the mecca Indian mango lovers.Mangoes, as small as cherries and as large as butternut squash, green as an oak leaf or pale as a lima bean, come I hundreds of shaes,flavours and aromas, and as summer being they evoke among Indians rare frenzy of suspense, palates ate stoked with anticipation, not unlike the cigar lover’s or the anopheles’,kalidas,the pretest of Sanskrit poets, who wrote in the first century before Christ, often interrupted his pains to love and the beauty of women to dwell on the mongo. In his rusamharam.the gathering of the seasons, the lamented.
Seeing the mango tree in full bloom the traveler desolate, parted from his beloved wife, close his eyes grieves sheds, tears covers his nose with one hand and class allocated.A passion beyond belief:khushwant singh, the country’s most prolific and eclectic writer, has written” Indians love mangoes, with a passion that surpasses belief “And Indians love their favourites, dilettante.Such gustatory discrimination has molded the life, of MR MALIK, one such Rataul largest mango growers, and for the most part, that of his fellow villages,” ninety percent of the people of this village produce mangoes.” he said,” we have developed hundreds of kind of mangoes. India produces 60 percent of the world’s 15.7 million tons of ,mangoes.
Rataul, burled among the wheat and sugarcane fields of northern Uttar Pradesh , about 45 miles north east of New Delhi, every where, in court yards, along pathways filling fields, are mango trees, their branches dripping with the heavy green pendants of ripening fruit. here and there. old men with small hammers fashion wooden crates that swill hold Rataul’s harvest, the famous
Rataul mango prized by mango aficionados though out the country. A boy , somber man , Mr. Malik was born to mangoes,” My father grew mangoes ,”he said,” And his father ,and his father.”
He went on to marry naheed mohd.Afaq Faridi,that daughter of the king of mangoes.
In 1958,”Mr .Malik said,” Jawaharlal Nehru”-India’s first prime minister- named him king of the mangoes. he founded many kind of mangoes and collected 550 different mangoes altogether. I was lucky to marry his daughter.“
The mango king, mohd Afaq Faridi , brought rataul its fame by developing the rataul mango, a teardrop of succulent yellow-orange fruit that came, local wisdom has it from that first mango tree.
“he devoted his whole life to mangoes,’ said JUNAID FARIDI, his grand son on administration-at a college in new Delhi who was back home for be annual mango festival.
As Mr. Malik strolled down the main street of his village, hump backed dirt trail, the tangy-sweet overpowering fragrance of mango fruits perfumed his way.” we are having many mangoes ,”he said,” but we are having many problems too.”
“we want the government to declare this the mango belt,” he explained ,”we want this place to be free from pollution. The government should ban brick making.”
Disease is linked to kilns.India’s mango crop is increasingly plagued by disease called black tip, which the end of the mango to root ,turning from brown to black. In northern India , the disease is lined to the coal-fired brick kinks scattered throughout the country side, which spew clouds of sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide
into the air.Just outside the village ,across a field of ripening wheat ,two thin smokestacks at a brick kiln belch black smoke into the sky.“we are also fighting the middleman .”Mr. Faridi said,” we export mangoes to many countries , but we have to sell our mangoes to Delhi .we want to go export licenses.”
The village leader fume because the mangoes they sell to Delhi traders at 10rupees a kilogram -35%are resold by the whole sellers for export for 40 rupees.Rataul,exceptional because of its devotion to single fruit, brims with the grievances felt by many of India’s farmer .wheat and rice farmers complain about the prices offered by the government purchasing agent prices far below world prices and far below what
the government recently paid Canada for wheat. sugarcane producers argue that sugar mils pay far too little for their can crops.An Indian struggles to reorient its distorted market systems as part of its larger attempt to restructure the national economy, complaints like those in Rataul will persist. But whether the mango growers will ever exercise greater control over their produce is, the village leaders concede, questionable.After all,” the majority of producers are illiterate.” He stooped over a crate of Rataul mangoes and delicately lifted a pale green globe in his long fingers.“Have some mango,” This is the most delicious mango there is. This is a flavor mango.”
The mango King :Mr.Faridi called some people to a ‘Daawat’ where many varieties of mangoes were kept in small heaps and every guest was given a chance to taste all the mangoes. Later Mr.Faridi asked the entire guest to eat some them some “RATAUL”mangoes to taste and then again asked them to have some sugar and asked which was sweeter ? The mango or sugar .All the guests admitted that “RATAUL” was sweeter(The statement,July 10-1957 page#8)
In the North the mango season starts later. But by mid June each year in Rataul, Not for from Delhi, everybody is picking sorting or packing the variety named after the place.This fruit was discovered and popularized in the early 1900’s by the legendary Sheikh Mohd Afaq Faridi, Whom Prime minister Pt.Nehru dubbed the “mango king ”for the many varieties he developed. Some locals believe that their oldest Rataul tree used by Faridi for his original grafts came straight from heaven.Faridi died in 1978, but most of his creation can still be seen in the family’s orchards in Rataul , now tended by his sons, Hasan , Javed & grandson Junaid and among the varieties from all the World at New Delhi 7th International mango festival held in 1994 season were some rare Faridi creations, including the tiny 2 gram”Angurdana” no larger than walnut , his giant “Jam-e-Jam” weighing slightly over 2 Kilogram and believe it or not –a spoted green and white mango”. By mohan sivand(reader’s digest,April 1997,page#66)