1.The following 3 seasons are regarded as most suitable for mango plantation in India.
(a) From mid February to mid April.
(b) From the commencement of the monsoon to August.
2. The distance between the plants must be 36 feet.
3. The land is unsuited to the mango plantation, which is gravelly or “shore” or which contains nitrogenous substance in excess, where the rainwater goes from the boldly populated area or which draws rain water . Sandy or clayey soil innocuous for plantation.
4. The well prepared compost is good for young plants. The rotten leaves are best manure for them. In short they generally do not require any manure.
5. The young plants must remain covered from December to February and before this must not be uncovered however favorable season may seem. The plants are grown in to full trees their stem near the ground must be covered with straw.
6. The necessary ditches(one yard deep) for plantation must be dug and filled up with the upper up soil of the field. Then the field must be fully watered so that the level of the soil of the ditches may sink down to its proper limits. The trees must be planted after the soil of the ditches is dried up.
7. After every watering, the ground must be scratched and turned over with the mattock(Khurpa) if , after turning over the ground is lightly hit upon with the mattock! This will save the plant from white ants.
8. Care must be taken that during the season water should not remain for long in the thanwla , as watering getting hot dries up the plant.
9. During the rainy season when white ants become nuisance to the plant, care must be taken of picking it off from the stem.
10. During the summer season, the plant should not be watered at noon.
11. Surfeit of water is injurious. The mango tree does not require water in great excess so long as the soil is moist! Watering is not necessary.
12. Plant coming from a distance should be cooled down awhile under shade! before transplanted. In the summer season! They should not be planted at noon.
13. False flowering should not remain on tree! Should be removed at once.
14. Fruit ought not to be taken from young plants, they grow weaken. Care must be taken of picking up flowers in small plants after they are fully blossomed. If this flowering is removed before its full bloom, it will again come out and thus further weaken the plant.
15. In the orchard no crop is to be sown! Which grows taller than the plants or which produces white ants or field mice, nor the one to be sown which requires excessive water. Peas are the finest crop for the mango orchard; it helps in the growth of plants.
16. Fruits of earlier and later season should be planted in separate blocks, so that no trouble may incur in the protection of the crop.
17. No plantation of banana near mango plants; it is injurious.
18. Oranges, Lemon or peach etc. should not be planted in the mango orchard its tools reaching out towards the mango plant harm mango plant.
19. Wind broker of jamun or shisham etc., should not be had around the mango orchard; they check the sum.
20. No grass should remain in the orchard, it is injurious.
21. The area where snow falls or where temperature falls below 30 degrees in the winter is unsuited to the mango plantation. Excel the places where mourning breeze blows.
(Source:1941-42 catalog of Shora-e-Afaq nursery)